|The rancheros lived on land given to them by the King of Spain. The land was called a rancho.
Rancheros built houses of adobe bricks. They raised cattle, sheep, and horses.
The richest ranchero was Juan Bautista Alvarado. His rancho covered all the land in the Escondido area.
The rancheros lived in adobe houses. This photo is of where Juan Bautista Alvarado had lived. The ruins were totally destroyed during the 1916 flood.