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The rancheros lived on land given to them by the King of Spain. The land was called a rancho.

Rancheros built houses of adobe bricks. They raised cattle, sheep, and horses.

The richest ranchero was Juan Bautista Alvarado. His rancho covered all the land in the Escondido area.

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The rancheros lived in adobe houses. This photo is of where Juan Bautista Alvarado had lived. The ruins were totally destroyed during the 1916 flood.
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